Earth Science (general)

Earth Science is about the sciences related to Earth's system overall.

This system comprises Earth's atmosphere, water, oceans and ecosystems, as well as the solid earth.

Studying in this area involves learning about how Earth's system works and how it has changed over time.

This includes physical geography, climate change, hydrology, oceanography, volcanology, etc.

NZ university majors related to this area

Though in the same subject area, they may be very different.

Examples of career opportunities

Most entail additional learning (lifelong learning!).

  • Earth scientist
  • Climate scientist
  • Volcanologist
  • Hydrologist
  • Meteorologist
  • Seismologist
  • Palaeontologist
  • Soil scientist
  • Environmental scientist
  • Environmental consultant
  • Environmental policy analyst
  • Non-governmental organisation (NGO) worker
  • Research scientist
  • Research assistant
  • Laboratory technician
  • Science teacher
  • Academic

Income and employment prospects


145% of national
median earnings


Further study
Other or unknown

Figures based on young domestic graduates 5 years after graduation. Source: Ministry of Education.

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